[tdb_mobile_menu inline="yes" menu_id="375" tdicon="td-icon-compass-menu" icon_size="eyJhbGwiOjI3LCJwaG9uZSI6IjM1In0=" icon_padding="eyJhbGwiOjIsInBob25lIjoiMS40In0=" icon_color="var(--compass-primary)" icon_color_h="var(--compass-accent)"]
[tdb_header_logo align_vert="content-vert-center" f_text_font_family="compass-global1_global" f_tagline_font_family="compass-global1_global" f_text_font_size="20" f_text_font_weight="700" f_text_font_line_height="1.2" svg_code="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svg_width="eyJhbGwiOiIxMjAiLCJwaG9uZSI6IjEwMCJ9" svg_color="var(--compass-primary)" svg_color_h="var(--compass-accent)" el_class="td-compass-logo-edit"]
[tdb_mobile_search inline="yes" tdicon="td-icon-compass-search3" icon_padding="eyJhbGwiOjIuNSwicGhvbmUiOiIyIn0=" excl_show="eyJwaG9uZSI6Im5vbmUifQ==" excl_txt="♫" excl_padd="eyJwaG9uZSI6IjAifQ==" f_excl_font_family="eyJwaG9uZSI6ImNvbXBhc3MtZ2xvYmFsMV9nbG9iYWwifQ==" excl_color="var(--compass-primary)" excl_color_h="var(--compass-primary)" excl_bg="rgba(13,169,184,0)" excl_bg_h="rgba(13,169,184,0)" icon_color="var(--compass-primary)" icon_color_h="var(--compass-accent)"]
[tdb_header_logo align_vert="content-vert-center" f_text_font_family="compass-global1_global" f_tagline_font_family="compass-global1_global" f_text_font_size="20" f_text_font_weight="700" f_text_font_line_height="1.2" svg_width="120" svg_color="var(--compass-primary)" svg_color_h="var(--compass-accent)" el_class="td-compass-logo-edit" media_size_image_height="149" media_size_image_width="300" image="6443" image_retina="6443" show_title="none" show_tagline="none" alt="bG9nbw==" title="RmFtTHV2cw==" image_width="120"]
[tdb_header_menu main_sub_tdicon="tdc-font-fa tdc-font-fa-angle-double-down" sub_tdicon="td-icon-right-arrow" mm_align_horiz="content-horiz-left" modules_on_row_regular="20%" modules_on_row_cats="20%" image_size="td_324x400" modules_category="image" show_excerpt="none" show_com="none" show_date="none" show_author="none" mm_sub_align_horiz="content-horiz-right" mm_elem_align_horiz="content-horiz-center" menu_id="375" f_elem_font_family="compass-global1_global" f_elem_font_size="12" f_elem_font_weight="700" f_elem_font_spacing="1" f_elem_font_transform="uppercase" f_elem_font_line_height="1.2" text_color="var(--compass-primary)" tds_menu_active="tds_menu_active2" tds_menu_active2-border_size="0" tds_menu_active2-border_color="var(--compass-dark3)" hover_opacity="0.5" elem_padd="10px" elem_space="5" tds_menu_active2-text_color_h="var(--compass-white)" main_sub_icon_size="12" main_sub_icon_space="5" sub_first_left="0" sub_rest_top="0" sub_padd="10px" sub_elem_padd="5px 0" sub_align_horiz="content-horiz-center" sub_shadow_shadow_size="20" sub_shadow_shadow_offset_horizontal="0" sub_shadow_shadow_offset_vertical="0" sub_shadow_shadow_color="rgba(13,163,172,0.5)" sub_bg_color="var(--compass-bg)" sub_text_color="var(--compass-white)" f_sub_elem_font_family="compass-global1_global" f_sub_elem_font_size="10" f_sub_elem_font_line_height="1.2" f_sub_elem_font_transform="uppercase" f_sub_elem_font_spacing="1" f_sub_elem_font_weight="500" tds_menu_sub_active1-sub_text_color_h="var(--compass-white)" tds_menu_sub_active="tds_menu_sub_active1" tds_menu_sub_active2-line_height="8" tds_menu_sub_active2-line_alignment="0" tds_menu_sub_active2-sub_text_color_h="var(--compass-white)" tds_menu_sub_active2-sub_color_h="var(--compass-white)" tds_menu_sub_active2-line_color="var(--compass-accent)" align_horiz="content-horiz-left" f_title_font_family="compass-global1_global" f_cat_font_family="compass-global1_global" f_meta_font_family="compass-global1_global" f_ex_font_family="compass-global1_global" el_class="td-mega-menu-compass" tds_menu_sub_active1-sub_elem_bg_color_h="var(--compass-accent)" mm_width="650" show_mega_cats="yes" mm_sub_inline="yes" mm_elem_padd="5px 10px" mm_elem_border="0" mm_elem_border_a="0" mm_elem_space="10" f_mm_sub_font_family="compass-global1_global" f_mm_sub_font_size="10" f_mm_sub_font_spacing="1" f_mm_sub_font_weight="700" f_mm_sub_font_transform="uppercase" f_mm_sub_font_line_height="1.2" mm_sub_padd="20px 0 10px" mm_sub_border="0" mm_subcats_bg="var(--compass-dark2)" mm_bg="var(--compass-bg)" mm_shadow_shadow_size="20" mm_shadow_shadow_offset_vertical="0" mm_shadow_shadow_color="rgba(13,163,172,0.5)" mm_border_size="0" mm_elem_color="var(--compass-white)" mm_elem_bg="rgba(0,0,0,0)" mm_elem_bg_a="rgba(0,0,0,0)" mm_elem_color_a="var(--compass-primary)" mm_elem_shadow_shadow_color="rgba(13,163,172,0.5)" mm_elem_shadow_shadow_size="20" title_txt="var(--compass-white)" title_txt_hover="var(--compass-white)" 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Home Teknologi Berita Lihat perubahan bermusim di Marikh dalam dua imej yang menakjubkan daripada MAVEN

Lihat perubahan bermusim di Marikh dalam dua imej yang menakjubkan daripada MAVEN

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Lihat perubahan bermusim di Marikh dalam dua imej yang menakjubkan daripada MAVEN

Planet-planet dalam sistem suria kita mengalami musim kerana cara mereka condong ke orbit mereka, jadi satu hemisfera menghadapi matahari lebih kerap pada beberapa kali tahun daripada yang lain. Walau bagaimanapun, terdapat faktor lain yang juga mempengaruhi cuaca dan keadaan di beberapa planet, iaitu kedudukan mereka di orbit mereka di sekitar matahari. Bumi mempunyai orbit yang agak bulat, jadi perbezaan yang disebabkan olehnya sedikit lebih dekat atau lebih jauh dari matahari pada titik yang berbeza adalah minimum. Tetapi orbit Marikh jauh lebih eksentrik atau berbentuk bujur daripada Bumi, bermakna keadaan berbeza berdasarkan ketika planet ini lebih dekat dengan matahari.

Kesan itu digambarkan dalam dua imej Marikh yang baru-baru ini dikeluarkan oleh NASA, yang menunjukkan planet itu pada titik paling dekat dan paling jauh dari matahari. Diambil oleh pengorbit Marikh yang dipanggil MAVEN, atau Atmosfera Marikh dan EvolutioN yang tidak menentu, imej itu masing-masing diambil enam bulan pada Julai 2022 dan Januari 2023, menunjukkan bagaimana persekitaran planet berubah dengan kedua-dua musim dan orbit planet.

NASA / LASP / CU Boulder

Imej pertama ini diambil semasa musim panas di hemisfera selatan planet ini ketika Marikh berada di titik paling dekat dengan matahari. Imej itu diambil oleh instrumen Imaging Ultraviolet Spectrograph (IUVS) MAVEN, yang beroperasi dalam panjang gelombang ultraviolet. Jadi untuk mencipta imej, nilai-nilai dari instrumen perlu dialihkan ke dalam julat cahaya yang kelihatan.

Ini membantu untuk memilih ciri-ciri utama imej seperti ozon atmosfera yang muncul dalam ungu. Ia juga mengapa permukaan planet ini kelihatan hijau di tempat-tempat, walaupun planet sebenar kelihatan merah atau oren apabila diambil gambar dalam panjang gelombang cahaya yang kelihatan. Di bahagian bawah planet ini, anda boleh melihat topi ais kutub selatan, yang telah menyusut dalam cuaca musim panas yang agak panas.

NASA / LASP / CU Boulder

Imej kedua ini, yang menunjukkan hemisfera utara Marikh, diambil apabila planet itu telah melepasi titik paling jauh dari matahari. Di sini anda boleh melihat topi ungu terang ozon di seluruh kutub utara. Ozon ini terbentuk pada bulan-bulan musim sejuk apabila karbon dioksida di atmosfera dipecahkan oleh cahaya matahari. Apabila musim bunga tiba, ozon bertindak balas dengan wap air dan dimusnahkan.

MAVEN digunakan untuk mengkaji atmosfera dan cuaca Marikh dan sebelum ini telah mengkaji bagaimana wap air disedut dari topi ais kutub semasa musim panas dan bagaimana ini dipengaruhi oleh ribut debu besar yang secara berkala bergolek di seluruh planet ini.

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